Dobrando papel – Origami, kirigami e origami arquitetônico

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Desde pequena eu sou apaixonadíssima  por papéis, dobraduras (origami), colagens, recortes. Um dos primeiros livros que tive a respeito do assunto, presente da minha mãe, apresentava várias lições de origami, engenharia de papel, montagens de móbiles, paixões até hoje:

Mais tarde, origami, para mim, virou também uma maneira de relaxar. E criar!

História

O nome desta tradicional arte japonesa de confeccionar figuras por meio de dobras se originou da fusão do verbo oru (dobrar) com a palavra kami (papel), mas antigamente chamava-se origata (forma dobrada).

O  termo “origami arquitetônico”, ou a “arquitetura do papel dobrado”, é muito mais recente. Cunhada, em 1981, pelo arquiteto e designer japonês Masahiro Chatani  (nascido em  Hiroshima, em 1934 e falecido em Tóquio, em 19 de novembro de 2008), a expressão designa a combinação desenvolvida por ele das artes do origami e do Kirigami com técnicas de design arquitetônico.

“O origami arquitetônico explora o mistério da transformação do plano da 2° dimensão do tempo. Embora tenha sido criado na era dos computadores, a criação do origami arquitetônico não é dos computadores e sim da imaginação humana.”Ele pode pode ser considerado 015 como uma ponte entre o antigo e o moderno e entre as culturas do Leste e do Oeste” (UENO & NASCIMENTO, 2003; CHATANI et al, 2001). Masahiro Chatani

A página do arquiteto pode ser vista em http://www.japandesign.ne.jp/IAA/chatani/index.html (em japonês).

Outros links sobre o tema:

  • Anita’s Origami – Models and convention photos in addition to diagrams.
  • Anne’s Origami – Information on MIT’s origami mailing list, with archives. Also a list of books owned, some with pictures, table of contents, and reviews.
  • Anools-Origami – Overview of the art and a gallery of personally folded items, including some very small models. Origami tools and related links.
  • Ben’s Origami – Gallery of mostly animal folds, with diagrams for a flamingo and stingray.
  • Brooklyn Origami Online – Featuring diagrams, instructions and information on the art of Japanese paper folding.
  • Creaselightning Origami – Mark Bolitho’s origami portfolio includes single models made from paper and other materials, as well as composite pieces of varying scale.
  • Dave’s Origami Emporium – Diagrams of traditional, modular, money, and original designs. Articles, book and software lists, and origami inspired ray-tracing.
  • Eileen’s Origami Page – Photo galleries of fantasy, scifi, and animal origami by various creators. Also a handful of diagrams of original models.
  • Envelope and Letterfolding – Definition, history, and diagrams on how to fold mailable letters and envelopes.
  • Erik Demaine – MacArthur Fellow and Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellow applies origami folding techniques to science.
  • Exploratorium Magazine: Paper – A set of articles on origami, including instructions for making paper airplanes and handmade paper.
  • Fabric Origami Workshop – Introduction, techniques, diagrams, and pictures of fabric origami. Includes book reviews and links as well as FAQs and related news on the topic.
  • Francis Ow’s Origami Page – Specialising in folding hearts and modular origami.
  • Gilad’s Origami Page – Illustrated origami book reviews, a model gallery, diagrams and articles. Also includes a guide to wet-folding.
  • Green Fuse Films – Exploring Origami – Includes images from a forthcoming documentary film on origami as art and science, as well as a video on the Israeli Origami Center’s Origametria program.
  • Jacob Ewing’s Origami – Collection of models designed and folded by Jacob Ewing.
  • Jason Ku’s Origami Page – Gallery of models, mostly animals. Also includes some money folds.
  • Jasper’s Origami Menagerie – A collection of diagrams and photos with a section dedicated to various types of animals. Includes a picture link index to diagrams of models on other websites.
  • Joseph Wu’s Origami – Gallery of original works and models by others. Includes articles and original diagrams as well as a database of online models and links.
  • K’s Origami – Provides animated step-by-step instructions, photographs, articles, and links to related sites.
  • Lar’s Origami Gallery – Features different kinds of origami. Also displayed are origami-themed caricatures and cartoons.
  • Letterfu – Instructions for folding letters from printable templates.
  • Marc Kirschenbaum’s Origami – Original model diagrams, articles, resources and related links.
  • Mark Leonard’s Origami – Gallery and diagrams for models using mostly A4 or A5 paper.
  • Masters of Origami – Information on an origami exhibition in Salzburg, Austria in summer 2005. Includes a brief statement about each exhibiting artist and a model image.
  • Matthias Gutfeldt: Alpenfalten – Collection of diagrams and image galleries of original models as well as other designers. Includes book list and reviews, convention highlights, and related links.
  • Mike’s Origami – Diagrams, storybook, diagram database and an origami murder mystery to solve.
  • OriLand – Dozens of diagrammed models, some products for sale.
  • Oribina – Gallery of folded paper dolls, known as the art of Oribina.
  • Origami – The Fascination of Folding – Diagrams of complex origami models designed by Hans Trygve Birkeland.
  • Origami Club – A large selection of beginner diagrams and printable paper patterns. English and Japanese.
  • Origami Creator’s Fantasia – Gallery and diagrams by Noburu Miyajima. Models on display include insects, imaginary creatures and animals from the Japanese zodiac.
  • Origami Enthusiast’s Candy Guide – Popular candies are rated according to their wrappers’ suitability for origami.
  • Origami Gallery by Sebastian Kirsch – Photographs of various completed models: animals, masks, geometric shapes, oversized folds, and tessellations.
  • Origami Instructions – Learn how to make origami items, including simple items for kids. Includes history of paper folding and dollar bill origami.
  • Origami Kaleidoscope – A variety of diagrams organised into three skill levels.
  • Origami Resource Center – Contains information regarding many aspects of origami including history, health and educational benefits, Sadako, types of origami and an easy origami section for kids.
  • Origami World – Includes image gallery, list of original models, traditional model diagrams, news, and resources.
  • Origami and Mental Health Therapy – Discusses the use of origami as a choice of therapeutic tool relating to mental health. Origami links to benefits, history and pictures also included.
  • Paula’s Orihouse – Photos of models and conventions, information on knotology (folding with paper strips) and diagrams.
  • Peter Budai’s Origami – Beginner to intermediate diagrams, illustrations of infinite folds, articles and a glossary of origami symbols.
  • Photuki Origami Photo Cube Software – A program that generates printable waterbomb templates from photos, which can then be cut and folded into cubes and other forms.
  • Robert J. Lang Origami – Model gallery, information on the scientific application of origami, copyright and choosing paper. Also home to the TreeMaker diagramming program.
  • Robert Salemink’s Page – Diagrams by Robert Salemink, along with a database of models from other sources.
  • Saadya-net – Slideshow of sculptural origami by Saadya Sternberg, featuring masks, animals and curves.
  • Sajid Khan’s Origami Forum – Discussion area for enthusiasts.
  • Shaya’s Origami Gallery – Pictures of origami animals, insects, sea creatures, dragons, and other things folded by the site owner.
  • Sprite!’s Origami – Illustrated instructions on folding the traditional crane, and some book reviews.
  • Star Wars Origami – Photos and diagrams of various models inspired by the series. Includes links to other Star Wars models.
  • Sy’s Paper Folding – Original models with photos and diagrams.
  • TP Kong’s Origami – Picture gallery of personal work, easy to follow diagrams, newly developed models.
  • Zen of Origami Gallery – Photos of original designs for different kinds of animals, Star Wars aircrafts and objects, some including diagrams.
  • origami.com – Gallery, convention pictures, diagrams, and a shockwave diagram. Searchable databases of origami enthusiasts, submitted diagrams, models that are in books, and a mailing list archive.
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Uma resposta to “Dobrando papel – Origami, kirigami e origami arquitetônico”

  1. yellowpotatous 14 de Outubro de 2012 às 9:34 #

    Hi espelhodealice.wordpress.com, glad to be here. Just introducing myself.

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